The purposes of this module are to:
- Explain how infants and children become infected with HIV and, once infected, how disease progresses.
- Provide World Health Organization guidelines for the classification of HIV infection in children.
- Describe approaches to diagnosing HIV infection in infants who are perinatally and postnatally exposed to HIV.
- Review the follow-up care procedures that should be undertaken for all HIV-exposed and HIV-infected infants.
- Outline the criteria for initiating antiretroviral treatment of infants and children and the suggested first- and second-line antiretroviral treatment regimens in resource-constrained settings.
- Summarize the effective antiretroviral treatment approaches for controlling HIV infection in resource-constrained settings while minimizing drug toxicity.
- Provide guidelines for evaluating responses to treatment and determining treatment failure.
- Review the safety and toxicity of antiretroviral drugs in current use for children.
Estimated time: 2 hours, 30 minutes